• Furniture (chairs, sofa and bed) should be appropriate height to make it easy to stand.
• Keep cords out of walkways.
• Handrails in stairways should be on both sides, and grab bars placed inside and outside tub/shower and next to toilet.
• Arrange clothes at a good height.
• Use non-skid mats or rugs, or textured floor strips, by tub/shower.
• Use a shower chair or bench.
• Don’t stand on chairs or boxes to reach a cabinets or shelves use a step stool with handrail to hold on to or use of a reaching device.
• Store food, dishes and cooking equipment a good height.
• Always immediately clean up spills.
Health-hip or bone weakness, osteoporosis, neurological conditions such as Parkinson’s, multiple Ssclerosis, and Alzheimer’s disease, and blood pressure changes make older adults more prone to falls
• Report falls to your health-care provider, as they may be a sign of a new medical problem.
• Have your vision tested at least once a year, or sooner if you think it has changed.
• Get an annual physical examination and have your blood pressure checked in the lying and standing positions.
• Walkers, canes and all medical equipment should be properly sized and fitted by a qualified medical professional.
• Reduce fractures by maintaining a diet with adequate amounts of vitamin D and calcium.
Many medications have side effects that can affect coordination and balance or cause confusion, dizziness or sleepiness.
• Ask your health-care provider or pharmacist to review all your medications, including both prescription and over-the-counter medicines, including herbals, vitamins and minerals.
• Always take any up-to-date medication list to health-care appointments, including over-the-counter medicines as well as those that have been prescribed.
• Make sure medications are properly labeled and there instructions are clear.
• Take medications on schedule with full glass of water and avoid alcohol in excess.