One of Washington’s concerns was the danger posed by political parties. While they have not resulted in the despotism Washington saw as a potential problem, he might feel differently about his concern that each has to diminish its opponents to preserve its position. The effects can be seen in the “massive polarization” that faces not only the two party system but the public as a whole, he said. However, Washington would be encouraged that people are becoming more involved in making their opinions about their government known.
Washington also wanted the Constitution to serve as the governing document in preserving freedoms. But that is being eroded by the executive branch over several administrations, Lopez said. The systems of check and balances is being diminished by the executive branch and regulatory agencies in Washington and in some states, including New York, he said.