According to Empire State Development, a state authority controlled by Gov. Andrew Cuomo, here is a listing of essential businesses and services that can remain open amid the coronavirus pandemic, broken into 12 categories:

1. Essential health care operations including

• research and laboratory services

• hospitals

• walk-in-care health facilities

• veterinary and animal health services

• elder care

• medical wholesale and distribution

• home health care workers or aides

• doctor and dentist offices

• nursing homes, or residential health care facilities or congregate care facilities

• medical supplies and equipment providers

2. Essential infrastructure, including

• utilities including power generation, fuel supply and transmission

• public water and wastewater

• telecommunications and data centers

• airports/airlines

• transportation infrastructure such as bus, rail, or for-hire vehicles, garages

3. Essential manufacturing, including

• food processing, including all foods and beverages

• chemicals

• medical equipment/instruments

• pharmaceuticals

• safety and sanitary products

• telecommunications

• microelectronics/semi-conductor

• agriculture/farms

• paper products

4. Essential retail, including:

• grocery stores including all food and beverage stores

• pharmacies

• convenience stores

• farmer’s markets

• gas stations

• restaurants/bars (but only for take-out/delivery)

• hardware and building material stores

5. Essential services, including:

• trash and recycling collection, processing and disposal

• mail and shipping services

• laundromats/dry cleaning

• building cleaning and maintenance

• child care services

• auto repair

• warehouse/distribution and fulfillment

• funeral homes, crematoriums and cemeteries

• storage for essential businesses

• animal shelters or animal care or management

6. News media

7. Financial institutions, including:

• banks

• insurance

• payroll

• accounting

8. Providers of basic necessities to economically disadvantaged populations including:

• homeless shelters and congregate care facilities

• food banks

• human services providers whose function includes the direct care of patients in state-licensed or funded voluntary programs; the care, protection, custody and oversight of individuals both in the community and in state-licensed residential facilities; those operating community shelters and other critical human services agencies providing direct care or support

9. Construction, including

• skilled trades such as electricians, plumbers

• other related construction firms and professionals for essential infrastructure or for emergency repair and safety purposes

10. Defense:

• defense and national security-related operations supporting the U.S. Government or a contractor to the US government

11. Essential services necessary to maintain the safety, sanitation and essential operations of residences or other essential businesses including:

• law enforcement

• fire prevention and response

• building code enforcement

• security

• emergency management and response

• building cleaners or janitors

• general maintenance whether employed by the entity directly or a vendor

• automotive repair

• disinfection

• doormen

12. Vendors that provide essential services or products to ensure the continuing operation of government agencies and provide for the health, safety and welfare of the public, including:

• logistics

• technology support

• child care programs and services

• government owned or leased buildings

• essential government services

If the function of your business is not listed above, but you believe that it is essential or it is an entity providing essential services or functions, you may request designation as an essential business.

Also important: Any business that only has a single occupant/employee has been deemed exempt and need not submit a request to be designated as an essential business.

Those businesses and services deemed to be non-essential include: bars, restaurants, gyms, movie theaters, casinos, auditoriums, concerts, conferences, worship services, sporting events, and physical fitness centers.

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